Glossary beginning with L

The Glossary provides basic legal and technical definitions for the most common terms related to the fight against illicit traffic in cultural goods.



Labels are items used for identification. Their form can vary: From small pieces of paper and cloth to metal tags, all of them attached to the inventoried object, to stamps on the objects themselves. They may have part or the full information necessary for identification (characteristics, origin, owner, destination, place of conservation etc.) or bear an inventory code allowing for the finding of said information.

Source: The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language


A gift by will, especially of personal property.

Source: Arthemis, Art-Law Centre, University of Geneva

Legal title

Legal right to ownership of property in the country concerned. In certain countries this may be a conferred right and insufficient to meet the requirements of a due diligence search.

Source: ICOM Code of Ethics for Museums


See "Authorisation".


A lawsuit. Legal action, including all proceeding threin. Contest in a court of law for the purpose of enforcing a right or seeking a remedy. A judicial contest, a judicial controversy, a suit at law.

Source: West's Law & Commercial Dictionary


An act of lending something for temporary use.

Source: Arthemis, Art-Law Centre, University of Geneva


Actions aiming at the appropriation of goods, by force or by constraint, in the event of a national or international armed conflict.

Source: Dictionnaire comparé du droit du patrimoine culturel

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